Marcus Garvey - NW10

Political Activist

Born 17th August 1887
Died 10th June 1940

Inscription on a panel next to the bust:
"I will not give up a continent for an island!"
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. 17th August 1887 - 10th June 1940

Marcus Garvey was a prominent pan-African politician, entrepreneur and orator. Pan-Africanism is a movement which promotes solidarity between people of African heritage. Garvey dedicated his life to promoting the empowerment of African people everywhere in a form of Pan-African philosophy that became known as 'Garveyism'.

Garvey lived in London between 1912 and 1914. During that time he studied at Birkbeck College, spoke at Speakers' Corner in Hyde Park, and engaged with other pan-Africanists. On his return to Jamaica in 1914, he established the UNIA or Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League.

In 1935, Garvey relocated to London, where he died in 1940. He was buried in Kensal Green. In 1964, his remains were moved to the National Heroes Park in Kingston, Jamaica. He was posthumously awarded Jamaica's Order of National Heroes in 1969. Garvey has been an inspiration to Martin Luther King Jr., Kwame Nkrumah, the Nation of Islam, the Rastafari faith, and numerous civil rights movments. Garvey has continued to have an important influence on African and African-Caribbean communities in Brent, many of whom consider him to be a "Pan-African Hero".

Brent Library Museum, 95 High Road, London, NW10



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    Marcus Garvey